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    How to exercise at home 如何在家锻炼身体

    在新冠肺炎疫情封锁期间,很多人都只能呆在家中,这样一来,运动量不足,导致体重上升。不过,有些人找到了一些能帮助我们在家拉伸肌肉和锻炼的好办法。本文讨论如何在家锻炼身体。

    词汇:exercising 锻炼

    In a time when many people around the globe are in lockdown and unable to attend the gym, emphasis has been placed on home exercising. Fears of a sedentary life and piling on the pounds are forcing many to find novel ways to move the body and stretch their muscles. You don’t need to pump iron or have expensive equipment like rowing and cycling machines to help you stay fit.

    Exercising is not just important for your body, but also your mind. A study by Dr. Andrea Dunn at the Cooper Research Institute in Dallas, Texas found patients who did daily 35-minute walks per week experienced a 47% reduction in their depression levels.

    Cardiovascular exercise, often simply called cardio, is designed to keep your heart rate up, which in turn will strengthen your heart and improve your general fitness. Many of us are turning to activities like skipping with an old rope, or watching one of the many ‘fitness experts’ who produce exercise videos online.

    Walking is another great aerobic activity to help you increase your blood circulation. There are many affordable pedometers which can be worn like a watch and used to track your steps, heart rate, sleeping patterns and even your blood oxygenation levels. You don’t even have to step outside, with many simply power walking or jogging round there gardens or up and down their hallways.

    Practising yoga or Tai Chi can help to keep our bodies supple, which in turn can lower joint pain and help to protect us from injury. Finally, strength and resistance training can be done at home by simply lifting bags of rice or boxes instead of heavy weights in the gym.

    There are many ways to help us stay mobile, and indeed these online exercise routines can be carried over in our lives long after lockdown is lifted. For those of us who moan about our busy lives stopping us from hitting the gym, ten minutes a day with a rope or a bag of rice may not only help our fitness, but our mental health too.

    词汇表

    sedentary life 缺少运动的生活,久坐不动的生活
    piling on the pounds 体重增加
    stretch 伸展,舒展
    pump iron 举重
    cardiovascular 心血管的
    cardio 有氧运动,可提高心跳频率的运动
    heart rate 心率
    general fitness 整体身体素质
    skipping 跳绳
    aerobic 增氧的
    blood circulation 血液循环
    pedometer 计步器
    sleeping pattern 睡眠习惯
    blood oxygenation 血氧
    power walking 快步走
    jogging 慢跑
    supple 灵活的
    joint pain 关节疼痛
    resistance training 抗阻训练
    hit the gym 去健身房

    测验与练习

    1.  阅读课文并回答问题。

    1. What fears may encourage us to find new ways to exercise?

    2. What was the possible benefit of walking that Dr. Andrea Dunn discovered?

    3. What can be lifted safely instead of heavy weights?

    4. What can a pedometer record?

    5. What are the possible benefits of yoga and tai chi?

    2. 选择意思恰当的单词或词组来完成下列句子。

    1. I need to _______ the gym more often.

    Hits                               hit                          be hit                          hitting

    2. Wow, you look great! Have you been _______ iron?

    pumping                        pump                      pumped                     pumps    

    3. I’m on a diet. I really _______ on the pounds when I was at home.

    Pile                                piles                       piling                           piled

    4. I need to get moving. I want to avoid being _______.

    cardio                            sedentary               sleeping patterns        aerobic

    5. Aerobic exercise can help my blood to _______.

    Circulation                     circulate                  circulated                    circulates

    答案

    1.  阅读课文并回答问题。  

    1. What fears may encourage us to find new ways to exercise?
    Fears of being sedentary and gaining weight.

    2. What was the possible benefit of walking that Dr. Andrea Dunn discovered?
    A 47% reduction in depression levels.

    3. What can be lifted safely instead of heavy weights?
    Bags of rice or heavy boxes.

    4. What can a pedometer record?
    They can be used to track your steps, heart rate, sleeping patterns and even your blood oxygenation levels.

    5. What are the possible benefits of yoga and tai chi?
    They can help to keep our bodies supple, which in turn can lower joint pain and can help to protect us from injury.

    2. 选择意思恰当的单词或词组来完成下列句子。

    1. I need to hit the gym more often

    2. Wow, you look great! Have you been pumping iron?

    3. I’m on a diet. I really piled on the pounds when I was at home.

    4. I need to get moving. I want to avoid being sedentary.

    5. Aerobic exercise can help my blood to circulate.


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